Site Sindang Barang

04-08-2015 Bogor Regencies 26120 viewed

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Sindangbarang is a village, in a neighborhood Eurih Sand Village, District of Taman Sari, the distance from the Istana Bogor village about 5 km. State of the topography of the land slope angle so the state of settlements following the slope of the land. At a distance of about 1 km to the east of the river flowing Sindangbarang Ciomas, while in the background the village (south side) stood towering peak of Mount Salak to the fifth (2211 m). The river flows in a small village called Cipamali toward Ciomas River. The river is considered sacred by the inhabitants Sindangbarang, supposedly the magic from the outside if a visit to the region and bypass Cipamali the miracle of science will become extinct.
Sindangbarang villages in the region and also in the neighboring village Parakan, found many large rocks were originally considered normal by the local population. Subsequently a community leader named Ahmad Mikami Sumawijaya give attention to large rocks scattered in several locations and colleagues held a tracking and review, after which he and his friends made a sketch map keletakan large rocks that have been successfully visited. The result was incredible, it was the location of the stones covering a large area and show increasing density toward the higher slopes.
In a meeting "Simpay", Sundanese cultural studies enthusiasts held at the Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia (UI FIB), Hendra Wijaya and Inochi Foundation board Hanjuang Bodas ever accompany tracking AM Sumawijaya, reporting and showing pictures as to the whereabouts of megalithic in region Sindangbarang, then some of the FIB UI faculty who are interested in cultural studies Sunda on 29-30 April 2006 visit to Sindangbarang, to conduct a preliminary survey with respect to the region and the archaeological record some archaeological Sindangbarang namely:
 
a) Spring Jalatunda
Jalatunda springs a shallow pit wells, water holes about the size of 2 x 1 m with a depth of no more than 1.5 m, but is still out of water from between the stone beam arrangement, although the flow is small but continuous flow, supposedly had never dries even in the dry season. By residents around the well has now been on the cement walls to keep the springs. Water from wells Jalatunda then passed through a small ditch to the east along approximately 20 m towards a form of artificial ponds called Taman Sri Bagenda. The water from the wells Jalatunda also flowed into a small time Cipamali.
On a flat rock near the wellbore, found the existence of other stones and a stone that is round like a ball. The stones in the common repertoire of megalithic stone called with bullets. Until now this has not be known exactly what functions slug stone. On the site punden Weak Ḑuhūr in Kampung Cijembar, Village Sukajembar, District Sukanagara, Cianjur, also found stones on the surface of the terrace bullets 4th together with flat stones and menhirs. Very likely the stones are closely related to the bullet with a rite of ancestral worship.
Locals named Jalatunda springs have long, when judging means in Sanskrit means fishnet water, while the delay means the mouth, or something resembling a mouth hole, probably once had once contained water fountain made of stone, or other materials. Springs with Jalatunda name known in some places on the island of Java, and is always associated with the civilizations of the past, for example petirthan kuna on the western slopes of Mount Penanggungan which dates to the year 899 Saka (977 M) also called by Jalatunda, and an old well has dried at the top of the hill called Gunung Jati Cirebon also with Jalatunda wells. Presumably Jalatunda naming is related to the function and meaning kekeramatannya in the past because it is considered as a source of water that can be used in religious rites or other ceremonies.
 
b) Taman Sri Bagenda
A pond measuring about 45 x 15 m, the edges of the stone structure-paved with natural stone. The interesting thing is the water in the pool does not leak to the outside, while the land on the north, east, and south is lower than pond. In the middle a little to the south side of the pond there are two large rocks sticking out a little on the surface of the water. Swimming is also said to never dry, because the water is obtained from the continuous flow Jalatunda wells.
Quite possibly an artificial society is past, because the sides are flat rectangular shape plan. After all the stones are arranged to harden the edges of ponds, arranged neatly so that shows man's work. Regarding the depth of the pool is still unknown, because the measurements have not been performed. Swimming is called Taman Sri Bagenda, very interesting to study further. Moreover, the name of the district in the region also contains the park, namely Taman Sari.
When considered from the asphalt road leading to the Ciapus, the land around the wells and ponds Jalatunda Taman Sri Bagenda formed stratified. The land level is characterized by the arrangement of natural stones that form elongated terraces, the terrace there is a part has been altered and hardened to courtyard houses a relatively dense population.
 
c) Antiquities Majusi
A small terraced hill at the edge of the village is called by the locals with punden Zoroastrian. Further unknown why his name like that, there may be independent reasons that call Zoroastrian population.
Having carefully considered, these apparently small hill punden shaped like a crescent moon is housed, oriented north-south, with parts of the highest terrace in the south. Based on the rest of the steps that can still be observed, then the amount of the existing terrace in punden Zoroastrianism is 7 levels. On the surface of the terrace to-7 (highest) contained the grave forms of Islam, there is a new one using tiles and some are composed of small round stones complete with 2 headstone.
At the center of the terrace 2nd, 3rd, and 4th are large stones stood, it sounded like a menhir, but very likely the large stones function as a color stone (stone barrier) in the front row of risers leading to a higher terrace. Such circumstances similar to those in punden Mount Padang (Cianjur). It's just that in Gunung Padang kelirnya instead of a monolith but rather of structural remains of stone blocks lengthwise.
Also in the bottom punden Zoroastrian (east side) found a large stone one flat surface, much like a stone altar. Likewise on the surface of the terrace 2nd to 7th-monolith monoliths are other large, some of which are at the edge of the terrace, and there is already down punden landslides. On the road near the village of punden still found flattened menhir stones used as pedestrian footbridge gutter. According to locals first punden patio is not just 7 but more, the terraces continue to point toward the south, which is now the highest terrace of the mosque and the mosque courtyard. Originally built on the site of the mosque there is a large tree, was found beneath a statue in a simple form and a form of stone block extends about 1 m. At the time of construction of the mosque these artifacts have been removed and no longer known to exist today, so says one of the locals.
Therefore, it can be stated that in fact a form of Zoroastrian archaeological punden. Maybe once used to be a big punden with several levels of terraces, it's just that now they can be observed live 7 terraces.
 
d) Antiquities Surawisesa
At a distance of about 300 m to the west of punden Zoroastrianism, there is a north-south elongated hill, passing like a natural hill. If observed carefully, then on the wall of the east and western side of the hill, there is a patio-terrace structure reinforced with piles of stones. Then it can be presumed that the hill itself also is a punden, called by AMSumawijaya with punden Surawisesa.
Punden is clearly a man-made, the amount of the lowest terrace on the north side to the south are the highest in at least 47 steps (still an uncertain calculations, can be more than the amount of his porch), while the range of approximately 400 m in length, it is a large punden. If there is someone standing in the punden porch and looked toward the south, then he would immediately look into one big hill that is part of the Mount Salak. The interesting thing is on the surface of the terraces can not be planted anything, so just overgrown with thick grass. In the top half of the terrace, now it has become a rice field, but the other part just flat overgrown with trees, and there are some ancient Islamic tomb and some are new. At the very back (to call it a terrace while the 47th) there is still a large stone, and a menhir is still embedded upright in the ground.
 
e) punden Leuweung Karamat and Saunggalah
Punden the form hunyur (a hill ground) covered with dense shrubs and large trees. It happened because the local population is still considered sacred hunyur, do not be surprised if it came to be called the Leuweung Karamat (sacred groves). Located approximately 500 m to the west of punden Surawisesa, through a path that bypasses rice plots.
State punden porch has been partially collapsed, and there is also in a terraced patio so it is hard to count the number of his porch. Number of terraces which can be observed now about 15 steps, with a north-south orientation, if carefully examined may be more than 15 levels. High highest terrace (most southerly) + 3 m, the lowest terrace in the north that began on flat land, in the middle of the land flowing streams. Then there are times on the west side again terraced patio fairly steep and high (+ height 5 m) form the highest terrace of punden another, called Punden Saunggalah. Thus there seems at that location punden twins, namely Karamat Leuweung Punden staircase and staircase Punden Saunggalah, punden between the two are separated by a small time.
As for the I-IV on the terrace staircase Punden Leuweung Karamat large natural stone are enforced, so it can also be called a menhir in the middle of the terrace, a similar situation is found in the Zoroastrian Punden staircase. VI on the terrace at the same punden stones are scratched, although the stroke has worn, and X found on the terrace of the monoliths are supported by several small stones in the bottom, so as dolmen, it's just that the location is on the edge of the terrace and is very likely to collapse down . The longest length is 2.10 m monolith with the widest width of 1 m.
Saunggalah punden oriented east-west, the highest terrace is in the eastern side, on the spacious terrace has now been established homes. In the courtyard of the houses are still there menhir stone with tapered top. Menhir is 70 cm high from the ground, while the width of the widest stone is 70, 5 cm. The highest terrace in the west then sloping and formed several terraces down, but have not had time to count the number of his porch, and also have other archaeological phenomena can be observed.
 
f) Megalithic group Hunyur Kadoya
Is a group of large boulders which now no longer uniform. If one looks closely, it still looks the pattern regularity. Located at a distance of approximately 200 m on the south side Saunggalah Punden staircase, located in the middle of rice fields. Originally a small hill covered with soil, when cleared land there "stone barn", the Megalithic AMSumawijaya named Kadoya with Jagaraksa site.
Among other archaeological phenomena obtained a form of inventiveness bracelet stone structure, whose position has been severely disrupted, some large menhir of flat stone that has been tilted or collapsed. One of the great menhir sized, height 1.96 m highest and widest width is 1.55 m. To the west of the site there are two standing stones aligned as if the "entrance" to the inside of which is filled with large stones.
Other megalithic relics in the area surrounding the Sindangbarang and Punden Rucita, Punden Ater Sand, Sand Punden Karamat I, II Karamat Punden Sand, Stone Punden muddled, Punden Stone chairs, flat stone Patilasan Surya Kancana, estimated there are 63 sites. Megalithic sites that now exist are located in the middle of the ghetto inhabitants, in the middle of paddy, or land which is sacred because it is considered haunted.
Sindangbarang relative archaeological chronology, based on the presence of Taman Sri Bagenda, can be connected to the Sunda royal palace that has 5 buildings keratonnya (Sri Narayana Way Punta Madura Suradipati). The remaining part of Taman Sri Bagenda palace Sunda Kuna today is crystal clear springs (wells Jalatunda) and the pool is very likely first bale building is also equipped with kambangnya (there are two large rocks in the middle of the pond as baseboard building). Taman Sri Bagenda wonderful and beautiful first course, on the slopes of Mount Salak, land terraced garden made (wall terraces remaining until now).
Maybe there is a road that connects the first palace located Pakuan Padjadjaran East side of the Ciomas and Taman Sri Bagenda complex located in the area west of the river. In the garden of the king's why Sunda Kuna and relatives used to go to reassure themselves and also meditate facing Hyang who sits on top of Mount Salak. If manuscripts Java-Bali tells of Parks Bagenda around century-15-16, then at that time known Bagenda Park, also known in the course Sunda Kuna culture. Can be estimated that the Taman Sri Bagenda function and roles in advance about the kingdom of Sunda era (15th century to early 16th century AD).
Punden monuments and other large stones is a rite of equipment that is built around the same time, aim to glorify Hyang well. Maybe once the various megalithic empire built by the Sunda Kuna living around the center of the kingdom of Sunda, if Pakuwan Padjadjaran located in Bogor, it is only logical if the northern slopes of Mount Salak were met by various forms of megalithic as a means of worship Hyang. When Muslim armies invaded and captured Banten Sundanese kingdom center (Pakuwan Padjadjaran), by itself Taman Sri Bagenda and various media worship of Hyang on the north slope of Mount Salak is ignored until now the only remnants left.
Provisional interpretation that can be put forward is very likely shaped megalithic archaeological Sindangbarang in the region comes from the last phase of the ancient Sundanese kingdom, is to be in historical times, instead of the prehistoric period. Thus it can also be stated that at the end of the ancient Sundanese kingdom was known forms of megalithic tradition, a rite of ancestor worship Hyang and the media use the monument or structure that is done in a simple stone.
Presence serentaun ceremony ever held in the region each year Sindangbarang can increase people's appreciation of the ancient relics. Location adjacent to the city of Bogor, will be able to bring a positive impact on utilization, for example for tourism. Dilemma that is always faced by the newly discovered site, but there need to be public if the public knew kekahwatiran will come in droves and trying to have a certain artifacts from the site illegally.



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