Cangkuang Temple

29-12-2011 Garut Regencies 27259 viewed

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The temple belongs to the region Cangkuang Ciakar Village, Village Cangkuang, District Leles. Geographically beradapada coordinates 7 ° 06 '067' LS 107 º 55'168 ". To reach the temple Cangkuang can take a bus or elf-Garut Bandung majors, stopping in the town gradually Leles, followed by a wagon ride or OJEG, or walking distance of 3 km.
Cangkuang temple situated atop a small hill on Long Island, surrounded by the lake "Situ" Cangkuang, but because of silting in some lakes the one side with the soil in the vicinity. Besides the temple, also found the tomb of Muhammad Arif adjacent to the temple and was still in the area of ​​Pulo Long have Pulo indigenous settlements.
The name derives from the name Temple Cangkuang Cangkuang village where the temple was found, but some have argued that Cangkuang is the name of the plant / tree Cangkuang a lot of growing in the region. Temple Cangkuang found again on December 9, 1966 thanks to efforts by the archaeologist searching Drs. Uka Tjandrasasmita Bataviach Minutes of books written by Schap Genoot Dutchman named Vorderman in 1893. In the book stated that the Village Cangkuang there is the tomb of Muhammad Arif kuna and a statue of Siwa. Study year 1967/1968 by digging around the area found the foundation base of the temple and scattered stones used even by residents as gravestone tomb.
In the year 1974 -1976 conducted restoration (reconstruction) of the temple building project undertaken by the Antiquities and Heritage Development of the National Department of Education and the result is like this now and Arif Mohammed tomb located next to the temple. Restoration was carried out based on the remaining foundation and a number of findings loose. The findings of the original stones of ± 20% is very limited, but enough to represent the parts of the temple. Temple completely refurbished and inaugurated by the Minister of Education and Culture dated December 8, 1976.
Temple Cangkuang berdenah square with a length of 4.5 m, 4.5 m wide and 8.5 meters high with an entrance into the main chamber on the east side. The temple is made of andesite stone plain. Overall this temple consists of legs, body, and the roof. Foot of the temple has a staircase flanked by two steps to the body temple cheek. In the body, there is a chamber of the temple with a statue of Shiva in a seated position on the back calf (Nandi) with the left leg folded into the face of the stomach, both arms broken statue, made of andesite, with a height of 40 cm. The findings of the god Shiva statue in Hinduism, indicates that the construction of a temple for the worship of Hindu society. Suspected by some scholars that the temple was built in the 8th century AD, which is the missing link of the discovery of the temple of Life at Falkirk (4th Century), Temple in Wonosobo and temples in Ambarawa in the 7th century and to-8 M . The roof of the temple consists of four levels of the shape decreases upward with a single peak on it.
Arief Muhammad is the propagator of Islamic leaders in the area (Ani Rostiyati, 1996:70-73). Muhammad Arif Islamic Mataram Sultanate senapati originally located in Yogyakarta, which was commissioned by Sultan Agung to attack and drive out the VOC / Company in Batavia under the leadership of JP Coen, in the 17th century AD Attack attempt failed, the troops suffered defeat Islamic Mataram. With the defeat Arif Muhammad did not return to their home areas in Yogyakarta, but fled to the countryside Priangan, precisely in the area Leles, Garut. Furthermore, Muhammad Arif settle and propagate Islam to the local communities that are likely to embrace Hinduism. It is usually measured by the existence of Hindu temple building. Successful efforts to Islamize the locals and the locals until now all nominally Muslim.
Arif Mohammed found a family by marrying local women as well as gaining six daughters and a son. After he died, Muhammad Arif was buried near the temple Cangkuang.
Arif Muhammad's tomb is reconstructed from its original form, when the restoration of Temple Cangkuang 1976. Tomb berdenah rectangle measuring 260 x 126 x 80 cm, with a tombstone-shaped double-sized rectangular 46 x 25 x 6 cm mounted sight distance is 1 m. The tomb is visited by many people, but there are restrictions that must be obeyed is customary not to visit the tomb on Wednesday. Wednesday chanting is used only for activities, lectures and study the religious sciences of Islam.
Also found handwritten books written on paper made from tree bark saeh, namely the book of monotheism, jurumiah books, science books of Sufis, the book of fiqh, the science of language, books of prayers, book of sermons Friday, and Alm Quran . All books are relics of Muhammad Arif are now held at the Museum Site Cangkuang, not far from the tomb of Muhammad Arif.

Location: Village Cangkuang, Leles subdistrict, Garut regency
Coordinates: 7 ° 06 '067' S, 107 º 55'168 "E
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Directions: To reach the temple Cangkuang can take a bus or elf majors Bandung-Garut, stopped in the town gradually Leles, followed by a wagon ride or OJEG, or walk the 3 km.
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To reach the temple Cangkuang can take the bus or elf majors Bandung-Garut, stopped in the town gradually Leles, then continued with or ojeg wagon ride, or walking distance of 3 km.



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