Wind Sand Site

24-10-2012 Bogor Regencies 26252 viewed



Wind Sand Site, located in the village of bland, District geogrfis Cibungbulang and located at coordinates 106 ° 38'389 "E and 06 º 34'524" LS. The site is located on a small hill with a height of ± 210 above sea level, lies to the north of the River Cianten. On the surface of this hill there is a monolith measuring as high as 1.20 m from ground level. The stone has a flat field and the widest measuring ± 1 m, facing just to the east.
Wind Sand sites have been studied in years 1970,1971,1972,1973, 1975 by Tim from Puslitarkenas (National Archaeological Research Center) under the leadership of RP Soejono, the results of excavations discovered artifacts made of stone, iron, bronze, clay, obsidian, glass, pottery. Objects among other findings in the form of a square pickaxe, hatchet-shaped funnel with handle birds Seriti, hatchet-shaped candrasa bronze, bronze rod, bronze pendant necklace, stone beads and glass, spearheads, axes of iron, pottery and obsidian tools . All objects are contained in one context around the monolith and is a unique prehistoric relics, almost all objects found facing towards the main plane monolith facing east. This means that activities are abused include these objects focused on this big rock that is characteristic of megalithic aspect of trust that has been growing at a rate neolithic communities that live by farming.
By comparing the number and types of objects found, it is estimated that Sand Wind is a site that was inhabited during the Early Metal (perundagian) in Indonesia in 600-200 BC. Preliminary results of analysis of C-14 of the charcoal obtained here. Of the 12 samples of charcoal that had been sent to the ANU (Australian National University) in Canberra for analysis of C-14, 4 samples have produced a range of absolute pertanggalan 1000 BC-1000 AD. This would means that in the period approximately 2000 years, Wind Sand site is important because during the prehistoric, proto-history and the history, ceremony held megalithic continue.
About the origin of bronze culture in Indonesia Van Hekern states originating from mainland Southeast Asia. Then came allegations that the bronze in Java comes from Vietnam. Demikan allow some bronzes become a thing of value and a limited owner. It is estimated that owners of bronze artifacts probably limited to the authorities or community leaders, while the rest of the population as a whole are still using stone tools. Scarcity of basic materials used melted the bronze items back to be new stuff. The results of excavations at several sites showed perundagian bronze found in Indonesia in general are the findings that related to burial, as well as bronze in the Wind Sand site.
General description of the perundagian community in Indonesia is a community living in villages, in the mountains, in the lowlands, the lake, the river, on the waterfront in a manner that the more organized and guided. Human residence and has known the township-village large, high socio-cultural life, skilled factions arise. One of the prominent activities in this period is the development of metal casting techniques. Proficiency engineering castings and metal smelting lead the creation of the bronzes, such as various forms of axes, nekara, moko, jewelry and arrowheads. Bronze artifacts in addition to meeting the needs of everyday life some are used as ceremonial artifacts. Ceremonial artifacts are generally characterized by a workmanship manner embellished with various decorative patterns.
Community life which took place in the Sand Wind in his time has produced many bronze objects, mainly axes in various forms and variations, nekara, stone beads and glass, pottery decorated or plain, etc., show that there has been widespread proficiency bronze pouring techniques and usage of decorative geometric patterns. Lodging in West Java is very intensive manufacture of bronze axes, hatchets especially with funnel-shaped stalk birds Seriti and type of axes candrasa special type used only for ceremonies. Similarly highlight aspects of the belief of worshiping ancestors spirits widening and achieve complex shapes.
Bronze artefacts are the result of high technology in those days, so it can be said to be a rare commodity which of course expensive and difficult to obtain. It is therefore expected to bronze in the past has a very high value, and can only be owned by the figures or leaders who have high social status in society. Wind Sand bronze artifact site identified as a site of worship in the hinterland
Findings bronze Sand Wind on the site, is the result of a technological activity, because bronze is a mixture of copper as the base metal with other metals such as arsenic, lead or lead with a certain ratio. Therefore, the bronze was found during perundagian sites are sometimes found with the composition of the mixture of different metals from each other, and some are adding minerals casiterit into the molten copper in the kowi. Additional elements directly as a gift from the material used or deliberately added because certain purposes.
The complexity of this mixture is suspected because of growing or increasing human knowledge about aspects of metallurgy. Besides, every bronze with a different mixture will produce a metallic sheen or a different color. It is estimated that the metallic color is what makes the objects of human interest which is then connected with magical properties and ultimately sacred.
Bronze Wind Sand sites generally contain high lead (redundant), it was a deliberate act because the bronze with a high lead content will give effect to the shiny bright colors so that it becomes very interesting and raises the value of magic to the viewer. Technically bronze with a high lead content makes the process penungangan (printing), because it is a soft bronze and easily formed.
Manufacturing technique used was referring to the results of metallographic analysis and ethnography. Generally indicates that the technique that was used in the manufacture of bronze Sand Wind yitu divided into three: (1) bronze in print-making techniques with rapid cooling, (2) bronze in print-making techniques with slow cooling, (3) the technique of making bronze in print with the addition of impurities.
Visible presence on the findings of pottery skills working techniques with the hands. For the scraping technique with motif decoration lines, nets and engineering stamp with decorative rope motif. Beads made of stone and shaped heksagonalsetangkup korneol beheaded. Motif spiral (helical) and applied to the circle of human statues and bronze rod. In some places the findings of bronze, iron and pottery also obtained flat round stones and obsidian flakes that may be sown as part of the material ceremonial purposes.
Wind Sand site can be developed and utilized as a historical tourist attraction, with a collection of unique and varied artifacts can be an attraction for tourists, especially the student / students, in giving recognition and understanding of local history and the history of Indonesia.

Location: Village bland, District Cibungbulang
Coordinates: 06 º 34'524 "S, 106 ° 38'389" E
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