Site Batujaya (Jiwa Temple)

02-01-2012 Karawang Regencies 27302 viewed


In the area there Batujaya site of the classical heritage. Batujaya region covers a wide area of ​​about 5 km2, lies at coordinates 06 ° 02'52, 10 "- 06 ° 03'34, 17" south latitude and 107 ° 09'01, 00 "- 107 ° 09'05, 91 "east longitude. Administratively the area is included in the Village area and the village Segaran District Batujaya Telagajaya Pakisjaya District. The site was not far from the coastline north of the Java Sea, in rice fields and partly in residential areas. To the south of the site there Citarum River flow. Rivers and rice fields have never experienced the dry period. Wet throughout the year by a pool and water infiltration.
Research in the area of ​​the site began in 1975-1976 Batujaya form of research assessment. Further research conducted in 1984 (excavation) by the Department of Archaeology, Faculty of Letters, University of Indonesia (FSUI). Since then performed a more intensive fieldwork carried out by various agencies including FS UI, the National Archaeological Research Center (Center Arkenas), Directorate of Heritage Protection and Development (Ditlinbinjarah (University Tarumanagara (untar), Coordinating Agency for Surveys and Mapping (BAKOSURTANAL ), and the Institute for Archaeology (albino) Bandung.
Archaeological relics in Batujaya through 2000 have been found 24 sites spread across the village and Telagajaya Segaran. In the village Segaran found 13 sites and 11 sites in Telagajaya. Of the 24 sites there are several sites that have been excavated and reveal the remaining buildings of the temple. Mound of earth that contains the ruins of the ancient bricks society have called 'Unur'. The site, among others Segaran I (SEG I or Unur Soul), Segaran III (SEG III or Unur Damar), Segaran IV (SEG IV), Segaran V (V or Unur Blandongan SEG), Segaran IX (SEG IX or Site Swimming) , Telagajaya I (TLJ I or Unur drawstring), Telagajaya V (TLJ V or Unur Asem), and Telagajaya VIII (VIII TLJ).
Unur Soul has successfully excavated and restored it all started in 1997 to 2004. The site is located at coordinates 06 ° 03 '427' south latitude and 107 ° 09 '287 "East Longitude. The building of the temple that is live the leg and bit parts over the rest of the body temple. Berdenah temple square sized 19x19 m. Higher parts of the remaining 4.7 m. The orientation of buildings to the southeast - northwest. Because there were no stairs or entrance hadapnya then the direction is unknown. At the top there is a composition of brick buildings that make up the square and concentric circular arrangement of the bricks that form resembling lotus petals.
Building on Unur soul is now completely restored. On the nameplate located on the site called by the name Temple of the Soul. With the completion of restoration appears that the profile consists feet flat seam (Patta), seam buffer (Uttara), and molding a half circle (Kumuda). Connection brick at the foot shows the use of a thin adhesive layer of white. This layer is commonly called the stuco. On the surface of the brick is also there that still leaves stuco layer. Based on the trail as it is estimated that the walls of the building formerly covered with a layer stuco.
At the top there is a circular brick structure with diameter of about 6 m. This section may be the basis of a stupa or patio pedestal. The amazing part is also located on the top surface, namely the corrugated sides that create the impression of lotus petals are blooming.
In Unur Damar (SEG III) form part of a remaining building of the temple berdenah foot rectangle measuring 20 X 15 m. On the northwest side of the stairs there is a section whose condition is already sunk. On the site there is also a residual SEG IV berdenah square building measuring 6.5 X 6.5 m with a height of 1 m. The remaining On the southeast side there is a structure that juts out like the rest of the stairs.
Unur Blandongan (SEG VI) is the breadth Unur Unur relatively similar to the Soul. The site is located at coordinates 06 ° 03 '351' south latitude and 107 ° 09 '203 "East Longitude. In the temple there Blandongan Unur berdenah square with a size 25 X 25 m. On the four sides are stairs. The bottom of the building there is the hall (the hall) that separates the walls of the hall with the bodies that have a base building. Building mat measuring 12 X 12 m. On the pedestal there are body building measuring 10 X 10 m. Excavations at this site found a number of reliefs depicting Buddhist tablets. Some of them there are marked with the letter Pallawa. It also found some rocks scratched. Unur Blandongan now in the stage of renovation.
Buildings that appear on the site of the building SEG IX berdenah rectangular pool with a size of 10.55 x 7.35 m. Average wall thickness of 1.7 mm except for the northeast side of the wall with a thickness greater than 4 m. The depth of the pond is unknown.
Unur shaved (TLJ I) is at coordinates 06 ° 03 '359' south latitude and 107 ° 09 '052 "East Longitude. On this site there are four buildings. TLJ IA Building has not been fully revealed. The building is a temple with a leg length had been dug 22 m and a width of 10 m. Building TLJ IB has been severely damaged. Of the remainder who are expected berdenah square with sides length of 8.5 m. Building TLJ IC berdenah four square with side length of 6 m. On the northeast side of the stairs there. The building is dilepa and decorated ornaments made of lime cement (stucco). some adorned with statues of human heads and animals of stucco material is also found in the debris on the outside of the foot of the temple. Yard around the building probably never experienced pengurugan. Page surface is then covered with a layer of plaster of stucco material. TLJ building a pool ID. Remaining structures in the form of a rectangle elongated wall at the bottom of the pool.
Buildings on the site TLJ V (Unur Asem) berdenah square measuring 10 X 10 m. This temple has two stairs located on the southeast and northeast. The stairs are located on the southeastern side of the staircase was built much later located on the northeast side. At the top of the remaining building structure visible brick berdenah concentric circles.
Excavations at the site TLJ VIII has revealed the remaining part of the temple berdenah foot rectangle with a length of 6 m and a width of 4 m. On the northeast side of the stairs fitted. In the middle of this building there are sinks with size 1.80 X 1.75 m.
Based on the shape of the building and some remnants arkeologik that there can be ensured that the temple building in the area Batujaya berlatarkan the Buddha. Batujaya site area is expected to do with the Kingdom of Tarumanegara. Analysis of the C14 shows the age of the oldest of the 2nd century and the youngest of the 12th century. Foreign ceramics found to exhibit ceramics produced from century-9-14 M.
Some ruins of the temple is now in restoration. Temple Soul is the first completely refurbished. At this time in the process of restoration is the Temple Blandongan. Several other temples are still in research stage.
Since each integral field temple, he built a walkway with a width of 1 m that connects between the Soul and Blandongan Temple. To go to another temple which can pass through the rice field road.

Coordinates: 6 ° 3 '58 "S, 107 ° 9' 56"
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