Palace Kanoman

29-12-2011 Cirebon City 27276 viewed


Kanoman palace located on Jl. Winaon, Kanoman Village, Village Wungkuk Weak, Weak Wungkuk District. Palace is located on the coastal plain is exactly at the coordinates 06 º 43 '15.8 "south latitude and 108 º 34' 12.4" east longitude. In the north there is the palace of traditional markets, while in the south and east is residential. To the west of the palace there is a school Student Park.
Kanoman palace was founded by Prince Mohamad Kertawijaya Badridin or Prince, who holds the Sultan Anom I, in about the year 1510 Saka or 1588 AD Titimangsa This refers to the inscription of the solar image and the palace Sangkala Sangkala contained on the door to the room Prabayasa Jinem Hall of "sun" which means 1, "Dharma Kusuma wayang" meaning five, "earth" which means 1 and the "star kemangmang" which means 0. So, chandr Sangkala it shows the number in 1510 Saka or 1588 AD While other sources mention that the rate of development is concurrent with the palace Kanoman inaugural Prince Sultan Mohammed became Kanoman Badridin Sultan Anom degree-I, which occurred in AD 1678-1679
One of the important buildings located in the palace complex is Kanoman Witana. Witana derived from the word "since Friday ana" which means the first residential building which was established when forming Caruban Hamlet. In kakawin Nagarakertagama witana is building a temporary wooden stage with a roof without walls where the king's funeral while. As we know, that Cirebon is one of the old town on the island of Java. According to the Chronicle Cerbon Sulaeman Suleendraningrat Indonesianized by Prince (1984), Cirebon originated from a small pendukuhan. Pendukuhan has been formed since the 15th century, which is about a sura 1367 Hijri or 1445 AD Ki Gede pioneered by Reed et al. Cirebon Hamlet is also equipped with Pakungwati and Tajug Palace which was built by Prince Pejlagrahan Cakrabuana (successor / replacement Ki Gede Reed) in 1452 AD At that time this hamlet has grown with the population and diverse livelihoods. Therefore, the hamlet has also been called caruban which means mixture.
Kanoman palace is a complex one with a rectangular floor plan of the north - south. According to the architecture of this complex spatial divided 4 parts, namely the front of the complex, the first page, second page, third page.
a) Front Of Complex
In this section there are buildings Alu Dome, Dome Dimples, Pancaratna, and Pancaniti. Alu Dome of open building measuring 0.7 x 1 x 1.5 m and made of wood. Tile roof supported by four pillars. Dimples is an open cupola building measuring 0.7 x 1 x 1.5 m and made of wood. Tile roof supported by four pillars. Pancaratna building a wooden structure without walls that is adjacent to the western entrance. The building is on the right front of the square facing north with a size of 8 x 8 m. Building an open floor tiles, there are only poles that support the roof shingles. Serves as a place of Sheba or where the authorities of the village overlooking the Demat or district officer or NCO royal guard. While the building is a wooden building without Pancaniti wall located at the east entrance, facing north, rectangular with a size of 8 x 10 m. Floor tiles. The building is open, there are only poles supporting the roof shingles. Function as a place to train officers soldiers in war, the resting place of war and the training officer of the court or as a place where soldiers guard the kingdom.
b) Home Page
This page is called weak duwur (high ground). Indeed, this land is higher than other parts. This page 1.30 m high fence with brick materials. Fence north, west and south there is the gate briefly. In the north 3 m measuring height and width of 4 m. In the west 5 m height and width of 4 m. In the south a height of 2.50 m and a width of 2 m. In halama there are two buildings, namely:
• Hall Manguntur; building facing north, measuring 6.5 x 6.5 x 5 m. It uses material brick building, two tile staircase. The building is open with no walls. The walls curved up like a gate impressed .. In it there is a hall measuring 1.50 x 1.50 m for the Sultan's seat. The roof shingle conical. Overall the building is embellished with a decorative ceramic plates are affixed as a venue dedicated to the king.
• Stage: The building is facing south measuring 6 x 10 x 5 m. Floor tiles. The building is open with no walls. There are only poles that support the ridge with the truncated pyramid shape and use a roof shingle. This building serves as a venue dedicated to the king.
c) Second Page
The second page berdenah form the letter "L", there are two buildings, namely: Bale Paseban and Gate Seblawong on its northern side.
• Bale Paseban; Banguna facing west, measuring 12 x 12 x 4 m. This building using wood and tile floors. The building is open with no walls. The pillars that support this truncated pyramid roof shingles from one pole to another pole impressed shaped like wooden trellis fence. This building serves a place waiting for a turn to the Sultan.
• Gate Seblawong; Gate that uses this brick-shaped paduraksa with the height 9 m, width 4.80 m and thickness of 2 m. This sturdy building impressed the colonial style. In addition to the magnitude of the very striking, the building has decorative poles that Samara with the seam vertical and horizontal, in the middle connected by vertical and curved hem. Below the arch is a limit of doors made of teak wood. The whole building is decorated with ceramic plates attached to the surface selruh gate. The gate was opened only during the celebration of Maulud Prophet Muhammad.
d) Third page
Between the third page and the page is restricted to four-high brick fence is made of 1.50 m. On this page there are a number of buildings, namely:
• The bell is also called elephant Mungkur. The building is facing east, serves as a place to store the bell with a size of 3 x 2 x 2.5 m. The floor is the only cement plur. Walls and roof tiles.
• Bale Semirang a building facing east, is a rectangle with size 3 x 6 x 3 m. The building is very simple, just plur cement floor. The building is open with no walls with pyramid-shaped roof shingle. This building serves to provide information. Formerly this place used to place in consultation with the sultan.
• Break Kanoman a building where the prayer. The building is very simple measuring 6 x 8 x 3.5 m has a tiled floor, walls and roof tiles with a pyramid shape.
• Paseban Singabrata an officer place the palace guard. This building faced west, measuring 8 x 10 m. Floor of ceramic materials, open without walls. There are a few pillars supporting the roof shingles with a pyramid shape. This building serves as a waiting room overlooking the sultan.
• Jinem is part of the sovereign space with the direction toward the north and measuring 12 x 8 m with ceramic floor. This space serves as a place of princes to the Sultan.
• Kaputren is home to sons and daughters of the sultan. This colonial-style buildings used as residences Sultan children of men. The building is made of walls.
Location: Jl. Winaon, Kanoman Village, Village Wungkuk Weak, Weak District Wungkuk
Coordinates: -6.721632,108.567619
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