Sand Paniis

02-01-2012 Cirebon Regencies 26176 viewed

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Sand Paniis an elongated hill area which is administratively included in the Kampung Nagrak, Sedong South Village, District Sedong. The landscape of this area is a plain area and most especially in the south and southeast is an area of ​​65,399 hectares of hills used for forest production.
Site location is located in the southeast of the city of Cirebon is ± 40 km can be reached by taking the vehicle wheel 4 (four) District melalewati Sindang Sea. Up in the village Nagrak, road conditions overall in now is paved smooth. To reach the location of the site from the village of Nagrak can be reached by walking for ± 30 minutes, or you can also pass through the ring road motor vehicles that have been paved.
Sand sites Paniis sticking thanks to information Emo (Nagrak villagers) that since 1995 many have discovered fossilized bones (fossils) in the gutter area Paniis Sand. Since it is also Emo gather and collect fossils at his home. This information is then followed up in August 2003, the Bandung Institute of Archaeology in collaboration with the Central Management of Traditional Values ​​History and Antiquities, Department of Culture and Tourism West Java Proipinsi conduct research in the Sand Maja Sedong District. led by Dr. Tony Djubiantono, from the Institute for Archaeology (albino) Bandung, found fragments of ivory, rib fragments, fragments of vertebrates (vertebrates) and mollusks. Later in the year 2004 advanced research conducted by the same agency, headed by Ir. Agus order to find fossils of ancient animals in the form of an elephant on excavations at Sand Paniis.
Based on the results of several studies in this area was the area that contains fossils not only in the District of Sedong but there also are included in the Regency Brass. Some locations are as follows:
a) Cigarukgak
On the river there Cigarukgak rock outcrop on the river bank. Outcrop showed the existence of rock layer contacts konglemerat at the top with a layer of mudstone that contain lots of mollusks at the bottom. This location is at coordinates 06 ° 53'10 .2 "south latitude and 108 º 36'27 .7" East Longitude.
b) Cikolomberan
In Cikolomberan precisely at the coordinates 06 º 53'32 .4 "south latitude and 108 º 36'27 .9" east longitude, on the surface of the soil had been found two fragments of ribs Bovidae, 11 fragments of fossil crabs, a fragment of ivory stegodon, a fragment of vertebrae, a fragment of horn of Cervus, a fragment phalanx, 37 vertebrate bone fragments that are not identified, two fragments of Stegodon teeth, a fragment of the front legs Cervus, a tooth fragment (not identified), a shark tooth, 8 tooth fragment (not identified) and the fossil shells of mollusks.
c) Sand Pugag
At Sand Pugag located at coordinates 06 º 53 '21.8 "south latitude and 108 º 35' 50.8" east longitude, the condition of the rock in the form of black clay in some places contain vertebrate fossils. In the higher regions of volcanic breccias are found. At this location ever found bone fragments most likely derived from an ancient elephant (Stegodon) were 26 fragments and 13 fragments of fossil vertebrates can not be identified.
d) Ciasin
Rocks in the form of stone Ciasin gray-black clay, containing many mollusks. At the top of the rock gradually conglomerate, sandstone conglomerate, and sandstone tufaan. This location is at coordinates 06 ° 53'11 .4 "south latitude and 108 º 36'20 .6" East Longitude. Fossil ever found along the River Ciasin Bovidae tooth form as much as 2 pieces, a fragment of canine teeth, and two unidentified fragments.
e) Cirangon
Downstream Cirangon located at coordinates 06 ° 53'42 .0 "south latitude and 108 º 36'13 .3" East, a layer of rock in the form of stone clay is gray-green, many found traces of a large mirror (slicken side) which showed that the rock layers are affected by the force of the earth in the form of fracture or fault. In this layer contains many fossil shells of mollusks.
On the upstream side is at coordinates 06 º 53 '25.9 "south latitude and 108 º 36' 06.6" east longitude batuaanya layer is dominated by conglomerates of rocks and vertebrate fossils are found. The fossils were found in the form of fragments of ribs 8 units which while not yet been identified, and bone fragments Omo plate as much as 3 pieces that might come from elephants.
f) River Wadati
Wadati River at coordinates 06 º 53 '13.6 "south latitude and 108 º 36' 22.6" east longitude jaw fossils ever discovered Emo Bovidae by a local resident. The fossil was discovered in sandstone konglomeratan. In that area there are also outcrops of gray-black mudstone with coarse sandstone layer inserts. Apart from these fossilized bone fragments also been found as many as 18 fragments on soil weathering sandstone konglomeratan.
g) Cipatapan
Dil Cipatapan ever found a fossil tooth Bovidae, a rib fragment, five fragments of vertebrate bones and fossil wood.
h) Cilambu
Cilambu River is at coordinates 06 ° 53'32 .0 "south latitude and 108 º 37'46 .4" east longitude. At this location Bovidae never found a tooth, a tooth fragment while vertebrates have not been identified, and the shells of mollusks.
i) Cipanggoelan
Sand Panggoelan peak located at coordinates 06 ° 53'46 .7 "south latitude and 108 º 37'59 .6" East Longitude, exposed sandstone rocks tufaan. Along the River Cipanggoelan found three fragments of vertebrate bones (unidentifikasi), 3 fragments and shells of mollusks Cervus teeth.
j) Lebak Gede
In Lebak Gede at coordinates 06 º 53 '31.7' South latitude and 108 º 38 '24.4 "east longitude, on the ground ever found 7 Stegodon tusk fragments. At this location consists of sandstones tufaan batuaannya. On the surface of the mudstone-rich mollusk fossils ever found three shark teeth, but it also found four fragments of fossil crabs, and shells of mollusks. While in the siltstone layer found two rib fragments, 16 fragments of bone, horn and a fragment of Cervus.
k) Cingerecek
Cingerecek River on the upstream side, exactly at the coordinates 06 º 53 '08 "south latitude and 108 º 36' 09.7" East longitude, its surface covered with boulder-boulder of igneous rocks. In the downstream direction konglomeratan exposed sandstone and conglomerate rocks. At this location is found fossil in a state still in situ on the River Cingerecek conglomerates in the form of 13 fragments of Stegodon tusk and a vertebrate bone fragments (not to be identified). Selian was also on the surface of the river upstream is found fossil shells of mollusks.
l) Munjul Tarisi
At this location exposed rock layers that show the contacts on the top layer of conglomerate, sandstone and mudstone at the bottom of which contain mollusks. Fossils have been found at coordinates 06 ° 53'47 .0 'South latitude and 108 º 37'55 .4 "east longitude in the form of two fragments of ribs (not to be identified), a tooth fragment Bovidae, a fragment of Cervus, a fragment of horn and 4 scapula bone fragments (not yet identified). In addition there are also fossil shells of mollusks are found also in the mudstone.
m) Kuta collapse
In a location that is at coordinates 06 ° 53'13 .8 "south latitude and 108 º 36'28 .7" East Longitude is exposed conglomerate rock. While fossils have been found in the form of 11 fragments of bone that while this has not been identified.
Sand area Paniis much information about ancient life. Some large animal fossils ever found shows that this area used to be a sort of safari park full of animals. This area should be preserved as it is. Change the physical development of land needs to be done wisely to avoid loss of data as a legacy from the past.

Location: Kampung Nagrak, Sedong Kidul Village, District Sedong
Coordinates: 6 53 '6 "S, 108 36' 16" E
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