Batik Crafts Trusmi

06-01-2012 Cirebon Regencies 27255 viewed

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Cirebon batik production centers located in the village Trusmi Plered Cirebon that supposedly lies outside the city of Cirebon as far as 4 km to the west or toward the direction of Bandung. In the village and surrounding Trusmi there are more than 1000 workers or batik artisans. Labor batik comes from several areas around the village Trusmi, such as the village gamel, Kaliwulu, Wotgali and Kalitengah.
 
The story begins Trusmi batik village of Ki Gede Trusmi role. One of his loyal followers Sunan Gunung Jati was taught the art of batik while spreading Islam. Until now, the tomb of Ki Gede is still well-preserved, even every year made quite solemn ceremony, the ceremony Replace Welit (grass roof) and Replace shingles every four years. Along the main road a distance of 1.5 km from the village Trusmi to Panembahan, today many of us have encountered dozens of batik showroom. Various signs seen lined showroom adorn every building on the edge of the road. The emergence of various showroom is not separated from the high interest of the public, especially from outside the city of batik Cirebon.
 
Trusmi batik batik managed to become an icon in the national fabric collections. Batik Batik Cirebon own one of those Coasts, but also partly included in the group Cirebon batik batik palace. This is because Cirebon has two courts of Keratonan Kasepuhan and Kanoman palace, supposedly based on the history of these two palaces come some batik designs Cirebonan Classics, which until now is still done by some villagers Trusmi motifs such as the Mega Snow, Paksinaga Liman, Patran Keris , Patran Kangkung, Lion Umbrella, Singa Barong, Banjar Balong, Chicken Alas, Sawat bride, Katewono, Mount Giwur, Simbar Menjangan, Simbar Kendo and others.
 
Some important things that can become a feature or characteristic that is also owned by Cirebon batik is as follows:
 
a. Cirebonan batik design in shades of traditional classical motifs generally always includes Wadasan (rock) on parts of certain motifs. In addition there is also a decorative element shaped cloud (mega) in the parts that are tailored to its main motif.
b. Batik traditional classical Cirebonan always characterized by a color to the background (base fabric) younger than the color line on the main motif.
c. The background or base cloth is usually clear of stain visible black or colors that are not desired on the manufacturing process. Black stain and can be caused by the use of batik wax is broken, so that the coloring process unwanted dye permeates the fabric.
d. The lines in batik motifs Cirebonan using a single line and thin (small) approximately 0.5 mm with color lines older than the background color. This is because the process of batik Cirebon superior in closing (blocking area) by using a special canting to make the closing process, namely by using a canting walls and bleber (made of bamboo rods at the edges given a piece of cotton threads are thicker and entered on one end of a bamboo rod).
e. Dominant colors of the traditional classical batik Cirebonan usually has a yellow color (Sogan rubbing), basic colors of black and beige, or dark red, dark blue, black base color with a cream or ivory white fabric.
f. Batik Cirebonan tend to choose some fabric left blank without background filled with ornaments or rentesan tanahan shaped (shaped ornamental plants ganggeng). Decorative shapes or rentesan tanahan is usually used by batik, batik from Pekalongan.
 
Still with batik Cirebonan, but have different characteristics with the previous group Cirebonan coastal batik. Batik Cirebonan coastal greatly influenced by the character of coastal communities, which generally has a soul open and receptive to foreign cultural influences.
 
Developments in the present, coloration which is owned by Cirebonan more colorful batik and use the elements of the lighter color and bright, and has the form of decoration that is free to combine elements of animal and floral forms of various arts.
 
In the area around the harbor usually many strangers who stop, anchored to a different ethnic marriages happened (assimilation), then the coastal batik Cirebonan more likely to receive from outside cultural influences brought by the newcomers.
 
Cirebon batik so this one is more likely to be met or the taste of consumers from different regions (more on the fulfillment of commodity trading and commerciality), so that the colors of batik coastal Cirebonan more attractive by using lots of colors.
 
Cirebonan batik production at present consists of Write batik, batik and batik Cap combination of write stamp. In the year 1990 - 2000 there are some people who produce batik craftsmen Cirebonan Cirebonan batik fabric with hand silk-screening techniques (hand printing), but lately hand silk-screening technique is almost extinct, due to not compete with the technique of screen printing machines owned by the companies more great.
 
Trusmi batik growth appears to move rapidly starting in 2000, it can be seen from batik showrooms popping up around the main street of the village and Panembahan Trusmi. Trusmi batik showroom owners are almost entirely owned by the original Trusmi society although there are one or two are owned by the owners of capital from outside Trusmi.

Location: Village Trusmi, Plered
Coordinates: 6 42 '14 "S, 108 31' 10" E
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Directions: 4 km to the west, outside the city of Cirebon
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