05-08-2011 Cianjur Regencies 27248 viewed


In the region of origin, Cianjur, the name of this art is mamaos. Named after the song Sunda Cianjuran since the 1930s and confirmed in 1962 when the Congress was held sa-Pasundan Tembang Sunda, Bandung. Mamaos art is the art of Sundanese vocal music with the tools DAMAS ovary, DAMAS rincik, flute, or fiddle.
Mamaos formed during the reign of Cianjur district RAA. Koesoemaningrat (1834-1864). Regent Koesoemaningrat in making the songs are often housed in a building named Pancaniti. Hence he is known by the name Kangjeng Pancaniti. At first, mamaos sung by men. Only in the first quarter of the 20th century, mamaos can be learned by women. This is evident with the advent of the interpreter mamaos women, such as Rd. Siti Sarah, Rd. Anah Ruhanah, Mother Imong, O'oh Mother, Mother Resna, and Nyi Mas Sauda.
Mamaos material derived from a variety of art Sundanese sounds, such as rhyme, be / uk (mamaca), gamelan, as well as the song macapat Java, namely Canto. Mamaos songs taken from the vocal art of rhyme rhyme or song called papantunan, or also called Pajajaran song, taken from the name of the Sunda kingdom in the past. While the songs are derived from material called Canto song. Both demonstrate to regulatory rumpaka (text). While the vocal technique they use materials processed vocals Sunda. However in the end both the technique of making this rumpaka there are coupled. Song-lagupapantunan too many rules are made with Canto.
In the early days of its creation, is the revitalization of the art Cianjuran Pantun. Kacapi and techniques of the art of playing it is still unclear Pantun. Similarly, almost all of the dish laguIagunya Pantun art. Rumpaka song was taken from the story Pantun Mundinglaya Dikusumah.
Regent during the reign of RAA. Prawiradiredja II (19641910) mamaos arts began to spread to other areas. Rd. Etje Natawiredja Madjid (1853-1928) was among the leaders mamaos a role in this deployment. He is frequently invited to teach mamaos to districts in Priangan, including the RAA Bandung regent. Martanagara (1893-1918) and RAA. Wiranatakoesoemah (1920-1931 & 1935-1942). When mamaos spread to other regions and songs that use patterns have a lot of CANTO, the people outside Cianjur (and a few clubs in Cianjur) called mamaos by name or Cianjuran Sundanese song, because this art is unique and comes from Cianjur. Similarly, when the radio Nirom Bandung in the 1930s broadcast call this art song Cianjuran.
Actually the term mamaos only shows the songs that berpolakan Canto (song), because the term is a refinement of mamaos mamaca word, namely the art of reading storybooks sung wawacan way. Wawacan book that uses the existing rules of this Canto is sung with the singing techniques rancag and outs of technique.
Songs mamaos barreled pelog (gamelan), sorog (nyorog; madenda), salendro, and mandalungan. Based on origin and properties of materials Iagunya mamaos grouped in a few syllables, namely: papantunan, jejemplangan, dedegungan, and rarancagan. Now add all types kakawen and panambih as separate syllables. The songs of this type of song a lot mamaos use patterns Kinanti Canto, Sinom, Asmarandana, and Dangdanggula, and in between songs from Canto Iainnya.
At first mamaos serves as musical entertainment tool among the marvelous hospitality. Mamaos But now, in addition to still like the original function, also has become an art of entertainment that is profit by its artists such as the arts. Mamaos now often used in entertainment weddings, circumcisions, and different purposes of entertainment or custom events.
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