Sandiwara Cirebon

05-08-2011 Cirebon Regencies 26216 viewed

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Theatrical Cirebon, West Java, known by the community as Masres in the 1940s, emerged as Cirebon occupied by the Japanese colonialists. Based on figures compiled by the Cirebon play today, that during the Japanese occupation of Indonesia, in Cirebon area favored by the emerging art community is reog Cirebonan famous by the name Reog Sepat. You will follow the performances Reog divided into two parts. First, in the form of attractions bodoran / jokes, and second, a drama that takes the story of the habits of the local community. At the same time, in the area jamblang Klangenan appears also an art, commonly known by the name Toneel Cahya Widodo. This art every day and even months to do narayuda (ngamen).
Both types of art are then inspired a boy from Kampung Langgen, Village Wangunarja, Klangenan Cirebon, named Mursid to establish a new arts in the area of ​​Cirebon. He gathered the boys from Iingkungan around to co ¬-founded the arts association which is a blend of Reog Sepat and Toneel Cahya Widodo. Art is a form of drama with musical accompaniment style Cirebonan supported by waditra berlaraskan prawa. The combination of art is called Jeblosan which means they are performing without Iayar Toneel cap (Idioms Cirebon, jeblas give way). While the newly formed art that some call Bungkrek (Cirebon language which means Bujang (youth) are often angkrak-engkrek, dancing).
Therefore, it is heavily influenced Jeblosan ketoprak / Toneel / Stambul Cahya Widodo, it is no wonder if the story that was delivered at the time it comes from Central Java and East Java. However, sometimes the story is taken from the folklore about the origins of West Java area, or folklore. On his way jeblosan art is very loved by the community. Although at that time all the players consist of men, but the men are the majority of freedom fighters. From this art, media for lighting as well as the struggle against the invaders created through the play-play he played.
In 1946 in the Village District Kebarepan Plumbon Cirebon stood as a kind of art anyway Langendriyo initiated by Kelvin and Mursid, Barepan village. Between Langendriyo with Jeblosan is almost the same as Toneel Cahya Widodo, but there are differences in the language of delivery. In Langendriyo telling the story using the Java language and the jargon Jeblosan between Cirebonan Java language with the Java language.
In 1949 began to give way shape Langgen ingredients enhanced with the use stage. Name is replaced with Langen Perbeta give way which means paramilitary troops (in code), former Union Army. And in the fifties was renamed again to Sari Sasmita.yang serve as illumination. Sari Sasmita start a real triumph, as from night to night in every season celebration, art was never breaks the invitation of the community of fans.
In 1952 in the village of Bojong Wetan Klangenan District, also stands as a kind of art that Sanpro (sandiwara proletarian). The founder of this art is H. Abdullah who was then serving as head of the local village. Then in 1956 stood in the same repertory Bedulan, North Cirebon Suranenggala village with a known name now that Masres (name of a thread that is used for fishing nets). One of the founders were Mrs. H. Sami'i also known as a singer Cirebonan. And in 1956 was the political parties began to look at the theatrical arts to the media and their respective interests. So in the village of Bojong Wetan Klangenan Cirebon District, the leading Indonesian Socialism Party (PSI) established a bevy theatrics replacing Sanpro named Setia Budhi. Figures of the Indonesian Nationalist Party (PNI) with the National Cultural Institute (LKN) established repertory with Culture Suluh name. While the leaders of the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI) with the People's Cultural Institute (Lekra) founded the repertory with the name of Dharma Bhakti. This association lasted only until 1965 and when the movement broke out 30 September (G30S/PKI), the group disbanded by the raging mass of anti-PKI. Since then other arts also play function is no longer accompanied by political party interests.
In the 1970's heyday sandiwara Cirebon experience, because many people perceive this art. So do not be surprised if in the Cirebon area at this time many emerging groups / group ¬ theatrical group in each village and district. Theatrical Cirebon is still living in Cirebon and surrounding communities. The life of this art is inseparable from the support of the buffer that still require the performing arts as an accompanist in the ceremonies of initiation, cathartic and sympathetic magic (marriage, circumcision, vows, etc.).
Musical instruments used in the play of Cirebon gamelan pelog wear, where several types waditranya include: bonang, kemyang, saron, titil, successors, large and small gongs, drums, and ketipung dogdog, tutukan, kenong (jenglong), kecrek, flute, and xylophone. During its development today, the musical elements added some modern musical equipment including electric key boards and guitar. While other equipment in carrying the theatricals Cirebon include property, display and decor.
In the current show presenting a lot of stories taken from the chronicle of Cirebon, like, play Nyi Mas Gandasari, Prince Walangsungsang, Ki Gede Trusmi, Tandange gin Ran Ki Bagus, Machete Heritage Branch and others. Even so, sometimes theatrical Cirebon featuring fairy tales or legends of the Java community in general, especially during the performances took place during the day. But at night, the dish featured stories mostly taken from the chronicle of Cirebon to completion early in the morning. Because of its egalitarian, plays Cirebon many also demonstrates packaging Cirebonan dangdut music, or sometimes tayuban as a distraction in a play performance. Cirebon Theatre performances in the evening usually started at 8:00 to 03:30 am. The structure includes theatricals Cirebon; Music opener (tatalu); scene gimmick (surprise with tricks of the stage, in the form of fireworks); Dance opening; Performing drama skits; cover with music and theatrical epilogue leadership.
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