Site Buni

02-01-2012 Bekasi Regencies 26202 viewed


Buni, situated in the village of Buni Gold Market, Buni Bakti Village, District Babelan. Geographically located at UTM: X Y 725.518.19 9.324.459.91 34 dpl / about Latitude: -6.089307 Longitude: 107.022243 and altitude 23 m above sea level.
Buni is a site area of ​​the discovery of archaeological objects, the results of research in the area of ​​the village of Mas and Bunni Bunni Market Pendayakan findings indicate the presence of pottery of various shapes and sizes of pots, bowls footed, jugs and jars. Also found a pickaxe square, metallic bronze and iron artifacts, stone and glass bracelets, gold jewelry, beads, terracotta and pendulum nets of human bones. It seems that society has come to know the tradition Buni direct burial without a container packed with pottery as grave, however, does not rule out the possibility that the pottery-pottery is used also for everyday purposes. Also in the village of Buni also found tools in the form of shells, pots, skulls and human bones, bracelets, beads in various shapes and colors. Rings in different sizes, and rectangular axes made of stone. In Buni Wates found also decorated stoneware.
The discovery of a variety of different jewelry from gold and human bones-shattering happened in the 1950s to the 1970s. The first discovery when a citizen of the village of Buni, stupid, make a little time (kalenan) which connects Jakarta time with his rice field in 1958. Suddenly spade on a hard object. After the note was the object of human bones and skulls. In the body left behind in the form of jewelry made of gold beads (like rosary) in a dispersed condition was divorced.
Apparently, after digging around the site, found jewelry, and contained human bones. Jewelry found including the form of beads, rings, stars, flowers coconuts, opera, masks and crowns. From the results of the comparison between the shapes and creations in the 1950s finding gold turned out very different manufacturing techniques. eg ring-shaped head like a seal and plain.
Communities also find a variety of other artifacts such as pottery, pickaxe square, a bronze ax. It also found the remains of food such as mollusk shells and animal bones. However, it seems the findings are the most prominent pottery pottery complex Bunni classify into two, namely pottery and perundagian neolit. Neolit ​​pottery characterized by face-carved with decorative patterns woven baskets and fish spines. During the growing Buni perundagian pottery as stoneware, jugs, bowls miarni, footed bowls, cover, and pendulum nets.
The discovery of the treasure trove of jewelry, invite other people from other villages, the city of Surabaya, Jakarta and other areas to try his fortune in Buni. In effect, Buni place it into the discovery of gold jewelry like a crowded market. That is why the development of the village is better known by the nickname Bunni Bunni Village Gold Market.
The study site Bunni had done several times by the research team from the Institute of National Antiquities and Heritage (LPPN), namely in 1960 (in the form of a rescue excavation) of intense and continued in 1964, 1969 and 1970 led by RP LPPN Soejono. From the research results can be concluded:
• The type of clay ceramic (earthenware) consists of a kind pots, bowls, censers and jars. The form of a round stoneware pots and crockery berkarinasi. The cup and saucer made bare bare flat round. Censer, body and legs have a rather long and wide. Meanwhile, pitcher, pitcher entity consisting of rounded and berkarinasi jug. Both long-necked jugs and not berkarinasi. (Surayasa 1975:5-8).
• Classification of pottery complexes Bunni into two, namely pottery and perundagian neolit. Neolit ​​pottery characterized by face-carved with decorative patterns woven baskets and fish spines. During the growing Buni perundagian pottery as stoneware, jugs, bowls miarni, footed bowls, cover, and pendulum nets.
• Based on the color, pottery "Bunni Complex" can be distinguished, namely reddish pottery and grayish colored pottery. Generally reddish pottery decorated with a pattern of parallel lines scratched and tumpal, while generally grayish pottery decorated with press technique (calibration) and the scratch technique, with a decorative pattern of converging circles, parallel lines and jalatumpal, is scratch resistant decorative patterns consist of lines parallel lines and tumpal.
• pottery made face-to-estimated with the technique and pelandas and wheel techniques.
• From the research results to the conclusion that prehistoric pottery complex is growing at about Bunni century AD and 2-5 mendapar tembkar influence of S-Huynh-Kalanay.
• The Cultural Complex Bunni pottery, could be suspected as one of the magical objects used as tools or as a preparation ceremony grave, because pretty much the invention of pottery together with human bones and other objects such as beliungbatu square, stone bracelets daln forth. There was also alleged that the pottery-pottery serve as objects for everyday life that are profane.
• All sites have been destroyed and the findings are mixed.
Not far from the village of Buni markets and Buni Pendayakan Gold, jewelry is also found in Kampung Kedung ringin, Sukaringin Village, District Sukawangi. There found gold egg-shaped fish, coconut flower, shoelaces, songko hajj in Arabic reads "Haji Saka", funnel lighting, sword, jug. Along with the discovery of gold jewelry, are also found human bones and skulls. From there it shows society at that time believe jewelry should be used for people who had died.
Later developments showed that Bunni is not just a small site, but a complex culture that is quite extensive with coverage along the northern coast of West Java, in Cisadane River basin, Ciliwung, Jakarta, Citarum, and Cipagare, so named by the complex Buni culture. The complex has a distribution area that are grouped into three, namely groups of Tangerang, Jakarta groups and groups Rengasdengklok. The group consists of Tangerang Serpong sites, waterfall and Mauk. Bekasi group consists of top Bunni, Cage, Puloglatik, Pulo Rengas, Kedungringin, Bulaktemu, Swamp Menembe, Batujaya and Monument. The group consists of Babakan Pedes Rengasdengklok, Tegalkunir, Kampung Krajan, PuloKlapa, Cibutek, Kebakkendal, Karangjati and Cilogo.
Most of the sites relics Buni, now stored at the National Museum Jakarta. Bunni site location itself, has been split into two regions since the Jakarta Sea Canal construction time (CBL). Former location of the discovery of the site, now standing industrial building manufacturing propeller ship. Near the location of the discovery site Bunni, also ongoing exploration of crude oil and natural gas, there is also conducted thousands of test points seismic (vibration) using dynamite bombs at several locations around the District Babelan, Sukawangi, Tarumajaya and Muaragembong. In addition there will be built a variety of medium and heavy industries. If not careful feared, would damage the site has not been excavated.
Findings from the Area Culture pottery Buni, presumably originating from Arikamendu (South India) the 4th century AD Arikamedu pottery commonly found at depths of over 2 meters and mixed with pottery pottery Complex-Buni. From the results of laboratory analysis, note also that the material is different from the potter Arikamedu other pottery-pottery found in the temple Blandongan, Site Batujaya, Khanewal district.
Thus it can be expected Sundanese ancient pottery tradition of supporting complex Buni (prehistoric tradition) have been in contact with the outer regions (Indies) which later evolved into a community supporter of Culture Buni. The spread of pottery originated Buni Cultural Regions Arikamedu via Tamluk and Tamralipa (India) which is an ancient harbor a large and bustling Pala Dynasty, although the actual Tamluk had previously appeared as compared with the Pala dynasty. Tamluk town not only as a port town but also has become a center of Buddhism in Bengal. Based on the news Fa Hien, Hiun Tsang and I-Tsing, Tamluk is known as a center of Buddhist religion (Mon Gayatri Majumdar, 1983:4). In the report I-Tsing, who settled in Tamluk during the two years mentioned that at that time under the Gupta Empire ruled by Chandra Gupta. At that time, King has set up 20 Buddhist shrine. From these reports note that the Pala dynasty founded the kingdom after the collapse of the Gupta Empire.
If you compare the condition of the people who have a past Bunni superior civilization, quite contrary to the public Bunni is currently partially included in the pre-prosperous I. The flow times for the benefit of former Jakarta traffic, fishing, and water sources, but now has been lost since the construction time is only a pool of CBL and waste. Fish hard to come by, so they make ends meet many of the water hyacinth plant, even clean water is very hard to come by.

Location: Village Gold Market Bunni, Bunni Desa Bakti, District Babelan
Coordinates: 6 5 '21 "S, 107 1' 20" E
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