Singa Barong

04-08-2011 Cirebon City 26200 viewed


Singa Barong is the name of heritage trains at the Palace Kasepuhan Cirebon, shaped barong, a mythical or magical beast. Wonders of his form it can be seen from the various elements, which is a merger between a lion or tiger (body, legs, eyes), elephants (trunked), eagle (with wings), and the dragon (the grinning mouth with protruding tongue). Barong term itself, which is widely available in the arts on the island of Java and Bali, has a meaning "magic", that is not a real animal found in the reality of life. In the case of Singa Barong, making four types of animals that may be primarily based on the meaning of strength or prowess. This was reinforced by a circular to the trunk above his forehead was "holding" a weapon the trident (a three-lance eyes, there are at both ends of the front and rear), which adds an expression of strength and keangkerannya.
In addition, it may also form the animals belonging to the Singa Barong is not only because of his physical strength, but also because the symbols that are spirititual. Some leaders in the Kingdom Kasepuhan, interpret such burak winged eagle as the symbol of Islam (or Middle-Eastern cultures), the elephant is the symbol of Buddha (or the culture of India, East Asia and Southeast Asia), and the dragon is a symbol of Hinduism (or Chinese culture) , and the lion is the symbol of Protestant (or Western European culture). But, there is also a humanist who memaknainya otherwise, or the complementary nature of the approach: the wind (wing), fire (lion), earth (elephant), and water (the dragon). Regardless of whether or not each such representation, but they give meaning to that power, first, located on the physical and spirit (soul, spirit). Second, in order to maximize the power transfer is by a principle of "merging" (or "mutual help" socially), which can be achieved with the principles of acceptance, retrieval, and or adjustment of different things-that even in the case of Singa Barong is the lion, eagle, dragon and elephant on the one hand, as well as Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity on the other.
The unification of the forces of some giant beast, which symbolizes the courage or the majesty of the king, found in many places other than the train itself is a property that symbolizes greatness. Kanoman Kraton has the same train with the name Paksi-Dragon-Liman, who later adopted also by the royal ban on Pasundan Sumedang, similar but not identical, but the dragon's body is not lion. Likewise, the Kingdom of Kutai has a similar symbol called Ox Swana, his head just like a dragon-elephant, winged, and built like an ox. In Cirebon wayang kulit, many figures that have trunks with a trident-like Singa Barong, both for the character's daughter, knights, Ponggawa, or giant, which in local plays and soldiers were senapati Amer Alas, a state-of the-jungle chronicle by Pandavas in the Mahabharata episode. The symbol above not only in Indonesia but also in Myanmar (Burma), for example, similar to the "axis-dragon-liman" among which is used as an ornament rack, a large drum (similar to smart gong in Java-Bali).
Origin Singa Barong, supposedly according to a source, was born from a dream of a prince in Cirebon Kraton, from the 17th century, who in his dream he saw an animal flying through the sky with lion body, face and trunked dragons. Dream was later realized in the form of a train and was completed in the year 1571 Saka, or the year AD 1649.
Construction Train Singa Barong visibly wear modern Western technologies (in his time): wheels, axles, nuts-baud, and some of the iron frame. But, its architectural form is typical of the local. Intricate carvings made very smooth, with motifs Cirebonan, such as patterns of niche interest and Wadasan (rock) are fractal (not geometric).
Suspension technique rather than using a system (spring) but from the skin, such that the body was like a lion Barong carried with 4 leather belt-giant. Belt that carried it has a tilt angle based on advanced physics calculations, so that when the train is running, vibration and rocking will be very minimum, while the balance would be maintained.
Train Singa Barong, according to the story, originally drawn by two pairs of buffaloes, not by the usual train horses. Somehow it just make it work, but the pull of buffaloes showed that the train is not as rapid transit vehicles, but strong or sturdy. He is not to travel long distances, but probably only for the achievement of important places within a radius of a dozen or 20's miles away from the palace. With a slow, majestic king (Sultan) who drove more can be witnessed by the people.
Now, of course, this train is no longer used as a vehicle of the Sultan, but kept as heirlooms are stored properly in a special room, in the museum within the walls of the Palace Kasepuhan. In the early 1990s, before the convening of the Festival Kraton Nusantara in Cirebon, made copies, along with the creation of duplicate trains other court: Paksi Naga Liman from Kraton Kanoman, and manufacture of carts Gede Pekalangan which is a reconstruction, because the oldest train has been destroyed , making based on historical texts. Duplicate cart Gede Pekalangan Kacirebonan now stored at the Palace.
At the procession (parade) Festival Kraton Nusantara end of 26 September 2004 in Yogyakarta, duplicate train Singa Barong is also drawn parade with a pair of buffalo, not by the two pairs as told in its history. In the opening ceremony of the Feast of the archipelago in Cirebon Mask October 16, 2010, Singa Barong duplicate train was also on display, "paraded" through pages of Kraton Kasepuhan City Hall, along with duplicate trains other court, including Paksi Naga Liman, Gede Pekalangan carts, and Train Jempana, but everything just pulled and pushed by dozens of youths, not by water buffalo, cows, or horses.
In all public appearances, Singa Barong train gets special attention, because his form is very special too. He, like Paksi-Dragon-Kanoman Liman, has become a cultural icon as Cirebon. In wood carving, glass painting, and batik, Singa Barong have appeared. Likewise at the village parade, like the procession to sidekah earth, circumcision and marriage, Singa Barong made plain, and its function in a way different.
Researchers from the Dutch colonial era has put a great deal of attention to him. Some of the descriptions and photographs can be found in various sources. Now, in the museum Kasepuhan Cirebon Kraton, both the original and duplicate trains are stored side by side. Only by looking closely we can see and compare them carefully. The difference of the two lies in two things: the physical and mental, visible and invisible. Although both forms are very similar, difficult to distinguish because the new one looks old, and both were given the usual offering, but for people who believe in the power kepusakaannya, pay more homage to the original

Sources : Endo Suanda

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