Priangan Mask

04-08-2011 West Java 26225 viewed


The term is intended to mask Priangan call this type outside the Cirebon mask dance. This term came later after the dance of life in this area is much influenced by the Cirebon mask dance. The term is thought to arise after the independence of Indonesia, namely after the Sundanese dance choreographer, especially Tjetje Somantri, made some mask dance that originates from Cirebon mask dance. Long description of Pigeaud be referenced as the basis for the start of the pulse of life in the area Priangan mask starting from Sumedang.
"As far as I can browse, wayang-wong to mask the existence not long, compared with a 'mask'. The development of 'wayang wong' closely connected with the development of puppet show. Since going to imitate the puppet Bendo, then Prince Aria Surdjakoesoemahadinata, former District Sumedang, had the idea to make dolls like that, but the characters of the wayang kulit, so of play-act story of Ramayana and Mahabharata. Not long after came the famous dancers from Cirebon, who demonstrated play and play Menak Panji, where they use the mask. The prince, who loved to be puppets and everything to do with the puppet, then instructed the dancers (female) study showing the play-the play of the second epoch. To cover the face of the women; they were told to wear masks. As the headgear of the players were wearing makuta of copper or tin. "
Sumedang it used to be a haven from the singers (wong bebarang) of the Cirebon mask. In one of his writings R. Tjetje Somantri explained as follows:
Ti na taun 1900-Sumedang, Bandung, Garut Tasikmalaya sareng kadongkapan entourage quasi ti Tjirebon Mask. Thus dalangna Nu (nu nopengna) be a pair, nja eta Kontjer sareng Father Father Wentar. Ieu teu kinten padjengna mask my saena tina, even pretentious often ditanggap in the district. Lami - lami seueur the nonoman nu kabaritaeun harojong ngiring ariasa ngibing; nja ka ladjeng galuguru Kontjer sareng Father Father Wentar earlier. (From the 1900's Sumedang, Bandung, Garut and Tasikmalaya entourage often coming from the Cirebon mask. Two men who the mastermind (dancer), namely Mr and Mr Wentar Koncer. For good, this mask is in demand and often ditanggap in the district. Old long many young people who want to learn to dance, they studied to Mr. and Mr. Wentar Koncer earlier).
The tradition of masks in general are living in the northern half of West Java. Cirebon is its center and spread to various parts of West Java through bebarang wong. The mask designation Priangan basically meant to assert perpedaan presentation with another mask, because the mask performances in each region has its own call it. For example Banjet mask, mask Betawi, Cisalak mask, and so on. Priangan mask dances are just a few 'loose' the recomposition of Sundanese dance choreographer of the Cirebon mask. The show does not know the composition of the characterization as well as Cirebon mask. Koncaran mask dance, mask dance Menak Orange, works Tjetje Somantri for example, is a mask dance which is not related to a characterization stage. Similarly, mask dances Sudiredja Nugraha works which appeared in the mid 70s, is a dance off, as well as mask dances created Tjetje Somantri. Kencana Wungu mask dance, for instance, is a mask dance Pamindo Palimanan style that direkomposisi by Nugraha Sudiredja. Similarly Tumenggung mask dance, mask dance Tilu dispositions, is basically a recomposition of the Cirebon mask dance of the spirit and aesthetic dipriangankan.


Pigeaud Th. 1938. Javaanse Volksvertoningen. Volkslectuur. Batavia. Translation Muhammad Husodo Pringgokusumo. (1991). "People Performing Java". Mangkunegaran palace. Solo.

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