Dalang Mask Derivatives

10-10-2011 Cirebon Regencies 26159 viewed


The term derivative mastermind very popular among traditional artists. Mastermind mastermind or a derivative is a person who is genetically artists have lineages with their parents. He usually inherits the skill of art directly from their ancestors. In the system 
arts and cultural inheritance, such a thing called vertical inheritance. This means that of the father or mother, down to the child, grandchild, or to other blood relatives. This means a system of inheritance that is biological (biological transmission) processes take place through a genetic mechanism. Known as the inheritance of an upright (vertical transmission), because it involves a decrease in cultural traits of people into posterity. In the upright inheritance, parents pass on values, skills, beliefs, cultural motives, and so their children and grandchildren. Because of the nature of inheritance-up ‖, puppeteer among the mask contained a term called the mastermind derivative mask, which masks the mastermind who still has a genetic relationship with the passing. Typically, the mastermind behind the mask it inherits a lot of expertise derived from the left it because he is a person who has the most time and intensity of learning is more when compared with people outside their offspring. In addition, there is also the term mastermind behind the mask of descent (the term is given by Sujana Arja, alm.), The mastermind behind the mask is not a direct descendant of the mastermind behind the mask. He could be the son of a nayaga (gamelan) or people who are outside the mastermind behind the mask itself descent. Inheritance model is called a tilt-inheritance ‖. 
In the case of skewed inheritance, a person learns from adults and institutions (eg, in formal education) without looking at it happening in their own culture or from other cultures. If the process occurs within its own culture, enculturation more appropriate term. If the process is obtained through contact with other cultures, the term acculturation and resocialization are used. The last term refers to a form more experienced individual cultural inheritance through contact with, and influence of, people and other cultural institutions rather than culture itself. 
In some ways, the inheritance system is seen as less profitable due to indirectly eliminate, not just related to the value systems, beliefs, cultural motives, but also in terms of skills nopeng itself. That rely on mechanisms of learning is done in the school environment, and basically not to make the child as the mastermind behind the mask, but only as a mask-dancer ‖. It may be, who taught it was only a few dances and therefore he very likely could only mask danced the dance was very limited. Inheritance system is also less profitable, because the child will lose the creativity and improvisation he did not know your system or gawe jogedan. She only danced a rote, in accordance with the choreography that recorded it. In the Cirebon mask performances, gawe jogedan is very important, because of this system of motion surprises come up, and choreography made the dancers based on the desire. Dalang masks in general have such capabilities, and this is the highest stage. 
Two inheritance system that does have weaknesses and strengths. In this case we can find out the differences between them, between enculturation and acculturation: enculturation is the process that enables groups of children put into a culture that allows him to bring the cultural expectations of appropriate behavior. Conversely, acculturation refers to the cultural and psychological changes due to encounters with other civilized people who also show different behavior. 
One thing that is interesting to note that even if the inheritance is to be upright, often the result is not an exact repetition or not with the passing generations. This case is almost contained in the many art traditions in West Java, and therefore also, why the masterminds Cirebon mask-even though they are still in a descent-has its own style of dancing. Each mask mastermind 
have characteristic; have aesthetic sensitivity, and has the ability in interpreting dance-dance. Therefore, we also know the various styles of masks, both styles individualmaupun communal style. 
On the other hand, the cultural inheritance process does not lead to a repetition yangsuksesif generation. This process lies between the inheritance of certain (in the sense that almost no 
differences between parents and offspring) and the almost complete failure of inheritance (in the sense of derivative did not resemble their parents). The process that takes place, 
indeed, more objective approach to the inheritance of the whole spectrum rather than vice versa. Functionally, though in the extreme, this process may 

cause problems for society: that is too definite inheritance does not allow updates and changes. Here have the ability to respond to new situations. 

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