Gaok - Nyanyian Sunda

12-12-2011 West Java 30448 viewed


Crow is a type (genre) songs in Sundanese culture. Mostly done in "communal," by some singers (3, 4, even up to a dozen people), which, in the past, to come freely (voluntarily) is not a fixed group, almost no different from the audience. Someone read wawacan, consisting of verses poems, and once completed a line, the text was immediately "taken" by one singer, with sung. Once finished singing, the reader reads the second line, which soon also "taken" by the singer with the chant. And so on. 
About who the singer who will sing the text which was read, it was done spontaneously, not specified sequence. Anyone that first voice, the other should not take it away. Would often occur two or three singers simultaneously lift the sound, they must succumb to not continue, so that sings only one line of the full course - and also common all stops to give a chance on one of them. As a communal event, something like that is not important for "assessed" as good or failure of performance, even considered something that adds to the atmosphere of gaiety. Similarly, when the singer does not follow the text reading correctly, he advised rush (intentionally so that the unbroken song) to sing before the line was read over. The words "wrong" into a funny, laugh materials, and produces no bad credit on the artist. Crow (called the outs in some areas), generally sung in the high notes, many wearing "head voice" (yodle, head-voice), and with a long rebound, one line of one breath. A singer sings a verse or two just from a song (CANTO), which was then replaced by another singer. There is a standard of a song, which could be called the basic melody or contour, but the variation is very much spontaneous because it is done so that everyone depends on your taste and voice capabilities of each. 
This art event was held for a celebration, a celebration of the individual. The owner's intention to invite villagers to show, by telling the crow will be held. The owner's intent to provide (their own or borrowing) books to read, but because it is not a formal group, both readers and singers will depend on the guests who come. 
Stories from wawacan ("readings") are not too many in number. Are often read in the 1960s in the area of ​​Majalengka, for instance, is Sulanjana, Rengganis, and 
Panji Wulung, knowing the tradition of reading in the performing arts has not been too long, and Canto wawacan that this too is a form of new influences from Mataram. This tradition, in where there is one reader, and the singers sang read it, maybe originally due in the villages few people can read, including the singers. Thus, although the crow is the arts that originated in literature (literature) kelisanan aspects in This tradition is very high. Similar to the crow or outs in the Sunda, is Bujangga in Indramayu-Cirebon), macapat in Java, kakawin in Bali, and Lombok plash.


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