Tarawangsa - Performances

26-10-2011 West Java 26168 viewed


Tarawangsa scattered in various areas in West Java, among others, in Rancakalong-Sumedang, Cibalong and Cipatujah-Tasikmalaya, Banjaran-Bandung, Tanjung Siang-Subang, in general functioned for a variety of media traditional ceremonies (ngalaksa, porridge sura, Mapag sri), and for a variety of entertainment (circumcision, marriage, celebration of statehood, and others). The procedure for the presentation are distinguished according to function. When associated with a ceremony, or Mapag ngalaksa sri, for example, the presentation should pay attention to various things, whether in relation to the requirements of the ceremony (time, place, offerings, actors) and the sequence of presentation. However, if the show was just for entertainment, then such requirements are not addressed.
In Rancakalong and in Cibalong, Cipatujah, tarawangsa media as one of the memorial to the Dewi Sri (Goddess of Rice) or Nyi Sri Pohaci Sanghyang. Rite is essentially an expression of happiness and gratitude for the harvest obtained. However, in Cipatujah and Cibalong, Dewi Sri rite has begun to fade, so too in other areas. While in the area Rancakalong, ritual is still carried out until now.
In Rancakalong, Dewi Sri or ngalaksa rite is usually performed after the harvest, around June and July. While Sura porridge rite, held on 10 Muharam relating to the story of Noah. Implementation could be in days, between three days to a week, and tarawangsa played day and night. In the music tarawangsa, berkelindan the dancers, men and women. They danced fervently even trance or kasurupan (conceded).
There are six main songs tarawangsa fruit and arranged into a single musical composition intact. The composition of the song consists of: Saur, Pangapungan, Pamapag, Mataraman, processions, which are connected with Keupat Eundan Badud. While the songs of entertainment, namely the songs after the sixth song is finished, there are approximately 50 pieces of songs, among others: Jemplang, Jemplang Panimbang, Sirnagalih, winds, winds, Rincik, Dengdo, Karatonan, gamelan, PANCAWARNA, Reundeu, Reundeu Reuncang, Beans, Panganyiran, Limbangan, Wake up, Wake up Sawarga, Wake Salancar, Koromong, Legon, Pasawahan, Bobontengan, Panimbang, Onde-onde, Euleuh-euleuh, Engket-engket, Guar Earth, Pangbalikan, Pangameut, and other so on. Entertainment in the song, the audience (men-women) can participate, dancing together.

In each area, tarawangsa has its own song, for example Pangrajah, Squirrel Luncat, Bojong rafters, Cukleuk, in Banjaran. Salancar, Ayun, Cipinangan, Mulang, Manuk Hejo, Kang Kiai, Pangungsi, in Cibalong-Tasikmalaya. In contrast to tarawangsa in Rancakalong that the songs only in the form of instrumental melodies, calung tarawangsa in Cibalong wear kawih interpreter. Therefore, each song taking rumpaka (poetry). For example, one can be listened to in a song lyric that describes the swing of the praises of the Goddess Sri, reads as follows:

Diayun-ayun ku ibu
diemban-emban ku rama
diayun di bale bandung
diayun ku cinde wulung
diemban ku sutra kembang
bade ngayun putra ratu
bade ngemban putra menak
putra ratu nu kapungkur
putramenak nu baheula
bade ngawih putra mantri
badenimbang putra raja
putri mantri nu mimiti
putra raja nu ti heula 

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